Epithelial Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma After Extrapleural Pneumonectomy: Stratification of Survival With CT-Derived Tumor Volume
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of CT-derived tumor volume, with control for other prognostic factors, for stratifying survival after surgery-based multimodality treatment of a large cohort of patients with epithelial malignant pleural mesothelioma.
MATERIALS AND METHODS. We retrospectively reviewed 338 patients with mesothelioma who underwent extrapleural pneumonectomy between 2001 and 2007. The study cohort comprised 88 patients with epithelial subtype tumors, DICOM-format CT scans, and data regarding neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy. Tumor volume was calculated, and Kaplan-Meier survival and Cox regression analyses were performed to compare the estimated survival functions of patient subgroups based on volume and other covariates related to outcome (sex, age, preoperative platelet count, hemoglobin concentration, WBC count, clinical and pathologic TNM category, and administration of neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy). A multivariate regression model was derived on the basis of the most significant univariate predictors.
RESULTS. The median estimated tumor volume was 319 cm3 (range, 4–3256 cm3). In univariate analysis, tumor volume, hemoglobin concentration, platelet count, pathologic TNM category, and administration of adjuvant chemotherapy or radiation therapy met the criteria for inclusion in the reverse stepwise regression analysis. In the final model, tumor volume, hemoglobin concentration, and administration of adjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy were identified as independently associated with overall survival.
CONCLUSION. With control of prognostic covariates, CT-derived tumor volume can be used to stratify survival of patients with epithelial mesothelioma after extrapleural pneumonectomy and should be included in prognostic evaluation of patients for whom resection is being considered.